Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpes Virus (EEHV), Help Elephants Now Intl Elephant Foundation

M. Assoc. The 317-bp TER domain DNA sequence of No. The preferred standard herpesvirus protein names are included wherever possible for their predicted protein coding regions. There is a watery, loose discharge that can lead to serious dehydration. The lengths of the intergenic noncoding segment between the tail-to-tail oriented C termini of U71 and U72 are 165 bp for EEHV3 and 194 bp for EEHV4. The latter interpretation was largely based on the apparent finding of EEHV1 viral DNA in archival paraffin block specimens of skin nodules from several African elephant calves that were imported from Zimbabwe to Florida in the mid-1980s.

The extra genes in EEHV4(Baylor) compared to EEHV1A(Kimba) include E3.1, E3.2, E2A, E3.3, E3.4, E4A, E4B, E4C, E6B, E7B, E9A (vOGT), E9B, E9C, E10A, E12A, E14.1, E14.2, E16D (vECTL), E17A, E18C, E20B, E24B, E27ex2, E30Aex1/2, and E39A (ORF-R). 46: 97–104. Adhering to the principles of metabolic scaling, extrapolation of a dose for humans would be expected to yield a lower dose for a much heavier elephant. Heart tissue from three animals was submitted for virus isolation; all three yielded encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus. It is also possible that the current dosage of 2.5 mg/kg is too low to achieve adequate therapeutic levels. The infant-mortality rate for elephants in zoos is almost triple the rate in the wild. On a chilly morning in Denver’s City Park, some 600 Canada geese floated like a drab armada atop an icy pond.

The cleared lysate was loaded onto Ni-NTA resin (Superflow, IBA) which was preconditioned with water and 1x native lysisbuffer. Three-step treatments begin with the administration of fluids, then plasma, then the drug famciclovir, which also is prescribed for human patients with shingles, herpes cold sores or genital herpes. EEHV6 specific oligonucleotides consist of the hydrolysis probe 5′-6FAM-CGTGTTTACCGATAGCC-MGB/NFQ-3′, a forward primer 5′-AGGCGTCTCAAAGGGTATGTT-3′, and a reverse primer 5′-TCCCTGAGCGGTGACAGATT-3′. With long-term support from IEF, Gajah shares best practices and builds capacity amongst conservationists and researchers and to those interested in the care and conservation of the Asian elephant, both wild and those in human care. By 2010 Ling was coordinating the group that included biologists, veterinarians, post-doctoral students at Baylor and veterinarians and elephant keepers at the zoo. If detected quickly, the disease can be treated with antiviral drugs. 2006.

Sample collection, treatment and sequencing have been previously described[12]. D’Agostino said until the new testing program begins, the elephants will continue to be monitored as they have always been, with samples sent to the National Zoo for testing. Serum and milk samples were acquired from a 33-year old female Asian elephant at the Houston zoo. He is board certified in Theriogenology (veterinary reproduction) and served as a reproductive advisor for the AZA elephant TAG/ SSP management group since 1987. In Defense of Animals, a California-based organization, is calling for the zoo to halt its breeding program. Friends of Woodland Park Zoo Elephants opposed the relocation. For example, digestive dilemmas can be treated by fasting or consuming bitter herbs or bark.

Nicole is a 34-year-old elephant who looks and acts twice her age, according to experts. None of the sera neutralized BHV1. Achara has the same strain of elephant herpes that killed her sister Malee last year, EEHV 1A. None of the task force members has worked with elephants, and only two are animal-care professionals: Annette Laico, executive director of the Progressive Animal Welfare Society, who has asked some of the sharpest questions, and Bryan Slinker, dean of Washington State University’s veterinary school, who hasn’t. Symptomatic treatment was initiated and included flunixin meglumine (Banamine paste, 50 mg/g, Schering-Plough Animal Health Corp., Union, NJ; 2500–3000 mg PO, SID), sulfadiazine-trimethoprim 5 : 1 (Tucoprim powder, 400 mg/g, Pfizer, Inc., New York, NY; 28,800 mg PO, SID), psyllium powder, bran mash, oral mineral oil administration, and warm-water enemas but only mild-to-moderate improvement was noted and symptoms appeared to wax and wane. Chai and Bamboo were joining a herd that included a bull, two adult females and two youngsters. This article describes the first case of EEHV infection in Lao People’s Democratic Republic of a 2.5-yr-old domestic male Asian elephant.

Hari was a much loved member of the herd and was well known for his playful, sometimes mischievous antics. Forest officials are testing the samples of the dead animals in their lab in Wayanad to understand the disease ecology. Asian elephant populations are decreasing but we’re working with local communities to ensure that no human or elephant will lose their life because of conflict in Assam. Garden Wildlife Health is a collaborative project between the Zoological Society of London (ZSL), the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO), Froglife, and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), which aims to monitor the health of, and identify disease threats to, British wildlife. Department of Agriculture (USDA) this week, charging that elephant breeding practices at four zoos violate the federal Animal Welfare Act by knowingly exposing offspring to a high risk of infection with the mostly-fatal Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus (EEHV).

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